For years colleagues and I have talked about problems with research funding today. (It wasn’t this way–or not this acute–when I started this job.) I recent paper from the intrepid Martin Center explain this quite well. An excerpt (emphasis mine):
Our institutions are dominated by those doing science in the current paradigm. Which is what we should in fact expect. But that means that most funding sources—whether government or private—are going to be conservative and fund the already-established rather than investigations into something that may not work out. And scientists tend to protect their turf against new ideas that could replace them.
To get more money, universities start rewarding researchers for getting grant funding for the institution, meaning scientists are spending more time grant writing and less time in the lab, doing actual science.
Read the whole thing.
The true minimum wages is $0. When an employer is compelled to pay more for work than the value received, this “net-negative” job will disappear. McDonald’s response to $15 minimum wage is automation–i.e., eliminate jobs that return less than $15/hr. This result is the obvious and wholly predicable consequence of legislating a minimum wage. The solution to minimum wage is to gain such skill that you are worth more to your employer.
The Welsh language amuses me because it seems unreal. There is a town in Wales with the name Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. It was renamed to that in 1860 to attract attention. So it is a bit tainted as an example of amusing Welsh.
The town is amusing for being so long. Ordinary Welsh words are amusing (to me at least) mostly due to the lack of vowels, that is English letters that we know as vowels. For example, “Bwlchgwyn” and “Cwmtwrch.”